Hypergraph partitioning using tensor eigenvalue decomposition

Published in "To appear in the proceedings of the Public Library of Science (PLOS ONE)"
Deepak Maurya , Balaraman Ravindran

Hypergraphs have gained increasing attention in the machine learning community lately due to their superiority over graphs in capturing super-dyadic interactions among entities. In this work, we propose a novel approach for the partitioning of k-uniform hypergraphs. Most of the existing methods work by reducing the hypergraph to a graph followed by applying standard graph partitioning algorithms. The reduction step restricts the algorithms to capturing only some weighted pairwise interactions and hence loses essential information about the original hypergraph. We overcome this issue by utilizing tensor-based representation of hypergraphs, which enables us to capture actual super-dyadic interactions. We extend the notion of minimum ratio-cut and normalized-cut from graphs to hypergraphs and show that the relaxed optimization problem can be solved using eigenvalue decomposition of the Laplacian tensor. This novel formulation also enables us to remove a hyperedge completely by using the “hyperedge score” metric proposed by us, unlike the existing reduction approaches. We propose a hypergraph partitioning algorithm inspired from spectral graph theory and also derive a tighter upper bound on the minimum positive eigenvalue of even-order hypergraph Laplacian tensor in terms of its conductance, which is utilized in the partitioning algorithm to approximate the normalized cut. The efficacy of the proposed method is demonstrated numerically on synthetic hypergraphs generated by stochastic block model. We also show improvement for the min-cut solution on 2-uniform hypergraphs (graphs) over the standard spectral partitioning algorithm.